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This Post records our 10-day adventures in Jordan between 17May and 26May in 2011 covering the UNESCO scenic spots of the country from South to North.
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Have Fun! Bon Voyage!
出發前在 Google Map 上鎖定南北多個景點，計劃在十天內遍遊，來一個迷城 Lost City 縱橫行。
Short Video of the Food and Delights during our trip. (HD1080p 6min40sec 24fps 2Kbps 102MB)
Amman, the capital of Jordan, is a fascinating city of contrasts - a unique blend of old and new, ideally situated on a hilly area between the desert and the fertile Jordan Valley.
約旦的首都 它有建於西元二世紀的古羅馬露天歌劇場Acient Roman Theatere 市區周邊景點有古城堡 Hashmite廣場 .傳統服飾 戰器 手飾博物館可以參觀
◆ Roman Amphitheatre 古羅馬露天歌劇場
◆ The Amman Citadel 露天古城遺址
Downhill from the Citadel and five minutes walk east from downtown, the Roman Theater is the most obvious and impressive relic of ancient Philadelphia. The theater, which was built during the reign of Antonius Pius (138-161 CE), is cut into the northern side of a hill that once served as a necropolis—or graveyard. It is very similar in design to the amphitheater at Jerash, and can accommodate 6000 spectators. The theater is still used periodically for sporting and cultural events.
The Panorama Views Of Roman Amphitheatre. (use mouse wheel or shift/ctrl keys to zoom-in/out)
The Amman Citadel National Historic Site, referrd to locally as Jabal al Qala'a, is one of Amman's oldest known places, perched on top of one of the city's high hills. This summit has been used as a settlement and a fortress for millennia, dating back 7000 years according to some estimates, to the time of the rise of civilization in Mesopotamia amd the Nile Valley.
◆ The Temple of Hercules,
◆ The Umayyad Mosque
Short Video of the Amman Citadel. (HD1080P 1min23sec 24fps 3Kbps 32.9MB)
Best known for its spectacular Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics, Madaba is home to the famous 6th century Mosaic Map of Jerusalem and the Holy Land. With two million pieces of vividly coloured local stone, it depicts hills and valleys, villages and towns as far as the Nile Delta.
◆ Archaeological Park and Museum,
◆ St. George's Church (Mosaic Map of the Holy Land),
◆ Church of the Apostles,
◆ Mount Nebo
Madaba’s extensive Archaeological Park and Museum complex encompasses the remains of several Byzantine churches, including the outstanding mosaics of the Church of the Virgin and the Hyppolytus Hall, part of a 6th century mansion.
Short Video of the Archaeological Park and Museum. (HD1080P 3min15sec 24fps 3Kbps 76.3MB)
The Madaba Mosaic Map covers the floor of the Greek Orthodox Church of St. George, which is located northwest of the city centre. The church was built in 1896 AD, over the remains of a much earlier 6th century Byzantine church. The mosaic panel enclosing the Map was originally around 15.6 X 6m, 94 sq.m., only about a quarter of which is preserved.
Photosynth of the Ancient Mosaic Map inside of St. George's Church.
The Redrawn Ancient Mosaic Map.
The Church of the Apostles contains a remarkable mosaic dedicated to the 12 apostles, although it can be difficult to see clearly. The embroidery-like mosaic was created in AD 568 and is one of the few instances where the mosaicist (Salomios) put his name to his work. The central portion shows Thalassa, a woman who represents the sea, surrounded by fish and some slippery marine creatures (check out the comical little octopus).
In the same mosaic are representations of less threatening native animals, birds, flowers and fruits, and cherubic faces in the corners.
Short Video of the Church of the Apostles. (HD1080P 1min46sec 24fps 3Kbps 40.3MB)
Mount Nebo is one of the most revered holy sites of Jordan and the place where Moses was buried. A small Byzantine church was built there by early Christians, which has been expanded into a vast complex. During his visit to Jordan in 2000, the Late Pope John Paul II held a sermon here that was attended by some 20,000 faithful.
According to the final chapter of Deuteronomy, Mount Nebo is where the Hebrew prophet Moses was given a view of the Promised Land that God was giving to the Hebrews.
朝馬達巴市的山路上去就可以到達 Mt.Nebo 有730尺高，這裡是Christian 朝聖的地方，因據說是摩西死在這裡，在空氣清稀點的時後可以遠遠的看到臨國以色列、約旦河、死海，還有一片綠地，聽說那就是摩西所指的"Promising Land"。此處還有摩西的蛇杖，一個小教堂，教堂內地上的馬賽克圖案也相當有名。下山的路上有一小間馬賽克工廠，裡面所賣的馬賽克產品都是由殘障人士一顆顆黏製出來的，還有些當地的特產。
Short Video of Mount Nebo. (HD1080p 1min52sec 24fps 3Kbps 41.5MB)
◆ Bethany Beyond the Jordan
◆ Wadi Mujib
One of the most spectacular natural and spiritual landscapes in the world, the Jordanian east coast of the Dead Sea is a major hub for both religious and leisure tourism.
Short Video of the Dead Sea. (HD1080p 1min46sec 24fps 3Kbps 39.4MB)
The site of John the Baptist's settlement at Bethany Beyond the Jordan, where Jesus was baptized, has long been known from the Bible (John 1:28 and 10:40) and from the Byzantine and medieval texts.
The site has now been identified on the east bank of the Jordan River, in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and is being systematically surveyed, excavated, restored, and prepared to receive pilgrims and visitors. Bethany Beyond the Jordan is located half an hour by car from Amman.
The Bethany area sites formed part of the early Christian pilgrimage route between Jerusalem, the Jordan River, and Mount Nebo.
The area is also associated with the biblical account of how the Prophet Elijah (Mar Elias in Arabic) ascended to heaven in a whirlwind on a chariot of fire.
Short Video of Bethany Beyond the Jordan. (HD1080p 2min7sec 24fps 3Kbps 48.1MB)
The Mujib Nature Reserve is the lowest-altitude nature reserve in the world, with its spectacular array of scenery and challenging hiking trails it is a favourite for nature and adventure lovers.
Slide show of Mujib Nature Reserve
An ancient Crusader stronghold, Karak sits 900m above sea level and lies inside the walls of the old city. The town is built on a triangular plateau, with the castle at its narrow southern tip. The castle is some 220m long, 125m wide at the north end, and 40m wide at the southern end where a narrow valley deepened by a ditch separates it from the adjoining and much higher hill – once Saladin's favourite artillery position. Throughout the castle, dark and roughly-shaped Crusader masonry is easy to discern from the finely-crafted blocks of lighter and softer limestone used in later Arab work.
As you approach Karak the striking silhouette of this fortified town and castle will instantly make you understand why the fates of kings and nations were decided here for millennia.
這是12世紀的克拉克古堡於海拔900m高，古十字軍曾在此駐防。Ridley Scot的好萊塢電影"The Kingdom of Heaven" 就是在此實地拍攝。
Short Video of Karak. (HD1080p 2min13sec 24fps 3Kbps 50.9MB)
◆ Petra 佩特拉
◆ Wadi Rum 月之谷
The Panorama Views Of The Sacrifice. (use mouse wheel or shift/ctrl keys to zoom-in/out)
The Panorama Views Of Petra. (use mouse wheel or shift/ctrl keys to zoom-in/out)
Short Video of Karak. (HD1080p 2min13sec 24fps 3Kbps 50.9MB)
Petra, the world wonder, is without a doubt Jordan’s most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction. It is a vast, unique city, carved into the sheer rock face by the Nabataeans, an industrious Arab people who settled here more than 2000 years ago, turning it into an important junction for the silk, spice and other trade routes that linked China, India and southern Arabia with Egypt, Syria, Greece and Rome.
Entrance to the city is through the Siq, a narrow gorge, over 1km in length, which is flanked on either side by soaring, 80m high cliffs. Just walking through the Siq is an experience in itself. The colours and formations of the rocks are dazzling. As you reach the end of the Siq you will catch your first glimpse of Al-Khazneh (Treasury).
This is an awe-inspiring experience. A massive façade, 30m wide and 43m high, carved out of the sheer, dusky pink rock-face and dwarfing everything around it. It was carved in the early 1st century as the tomb of an important Nabataean king and represents the engineering genius of these ancient people.
約旦國境內最著名的觀光景點，也是賣座電影"法櫃奇兵"的實地拍攝地點，傳說中的阿里巴巴就是把寶藏藏匿在此，這又稱之"遺失的城市"-"Lost City"，於1812年無意間被瑞典旅遊者Johann Ludwig Burckhardt發現。
自售票口出發，要經過大約徒步20~30分鐘的蛇道-Sig，約寬2~5公尺，高80尺，曲道蜿蜒約1,200尺的天然通道，蛇道盡頭等待你的是著名的阿爾卡茲尼神殿 Al-Khazneh，整座神殿是依岩壁開盤而成的，精美的雕工在陽光照射之下成玫瑰色澤才得名"玫瑰城"-Rose-Red City。1985年進入世界文化遺產名錄。
This is a stupendous, timeless place, virtually untouched by humanity. Wind and weather have carved the imposing, towering skyscrapers, elegantly described by T.E. Lawrence as "vast, echoing and god-like".
Short Video of Wadi Rum. (HD1080p 1min41sec 24fps 3Kbps 39.5MB)
Jordan's splendid Red Sea resort is often overlooked by modern-day visitors. But apart from being a delightful place for discerning holidaymakers, this is actually a great base from which to explore southern Jordan..
Slide show of Aqaba.
As-Salt is just a half hour drive from the city of Amman, it was once the most important settlement in the area between the Jordan Valley and the Eastern Desert. Because of its history as an important trading link between the Eastern Desert and the west, it was a significant place for the region’s many rulers.
The Romans, Byzantines and Mameluks all contributed to the growth of the town but it was at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, during Ottoman rule, when As-Salt enjoyed its most prosperous period.
It was at that time that the Ottomans established a regional administrative base in As-Salt and encouraged settlement from other parts of their empire. As the town’s status increased, many merchants arrived and, with their newly acquired wealth, built the fine houses that can still be admired in As-Salt today.
The ancient city of Jerash boasts an unbroken chain of human occupation dating back more than 6,500 years.
Jerash lies on a plain surrounded by hilly wooded areas and fertile basins. Conquered by General Pompey in 63 BC, it came under Roman rule and was one of the ten great Roman cities, the Decapolis League.
Jerash reveals a fine example of the grand, formal provincial Roman urbanism that is found throughout the Middle East, comprising paved and colonnaded streets, soaring hilltop temples, handsome theatres, spacious public squares and plazas, baths, fountains and city walls pierced by towers and gates.
Short Video of Jerash. (HD1080p 3min25sec 24fps 3Kbps 79.0MB)
Irbid houses two very worthwhile museums, and forms a good base from which to explore the northern Jordan Valley or to start a trip to Syria.
In addition to Jarash and Amman, Umm Qays (modern Gadara) and Pella (known locally as Tabaqit Fahl) were once Decapolis cities, and each has unique appeal.
Short Video of Pelle & Umm Qays. (HD1080p 3min20sec 24fps 3Kbps 78.3MB)
◆ Umm Qays
Graeco-Roman columns stand amidst the lush green countryside around Umm Qays.
Site of the famous miracle of the Gadarene swine, Gadara was renowned in its time as a cultural centre. It was the home of several classical poets and philosophers, including Theodorus, founder of a rhetorical school in Rome, and was once called “a new Athens” by a poet. Perched on a splendid hilltop overlooking the Jordan Valley and the Sea of Galilee, Gadara is known today as Umm Qays, and boasts an impressive colonnaded street, a vaulted terrace, and the ruins of two theatres.
◆ Pella (Tabaqit Fahl)
Pella is a favourite of archaeologists as it is exceptionally rich in antiquities, some of which are exceedingly old. Besides the excavated ruins from the Graeco-Roman period, including an Odeon (theatre), Pella offers visitors the opportunity to see the remains of a Chalcolithic settlement from the 4th millennium BC, the remains of Bronze and Iron Age walled cities, Byzantine churches and houses, an Early Islamic residential quarter, and a small medieval mosque.
The marvels of nature and the genius of medieval Arab military architecture have given northern Jordan two of the most important ecological and historical attractions in the Middle East: the sprawling pine forests of the Ajlun-Dibbine area, and the towering Ayyubid castle at Ajlun, which helped defeat the Crusaders eight centuries ago.
Ajlun Castle (Qal'at Ar-Rabad) was built by one of Saladin's generals in 1184 AD to control the iron mines of Ajlun, and to deter the Franks from invading Ajlun. Ajlun Castle dominated the three main routes leading to the Jordan Valley and protected the trade and commercial routes between Jordan and Syria; it became an important link in the defensive chain against the Crusaders, who, unsuccessfully spent decades trying to capture the castle and the nearby village.
Short Video of Ajlun. (HD1080p 2min44sec 24fps 3Kbps 39.5MB)