Alavian Dome
Hamedan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)


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Alavian dome in Alavian garden is near Hamedan's shrine of Abdoolah. It's one of the architecture masterpieces after Islam in Hamedan. It was recorded in national monument list on 26th of December on 1931. According to the technical panel building, the dome is one of the monuments belonging to the Seljuk period in the late 6th century which was built by Alavian Family, as mosque. Then in later periods by creating a cellar in the basement, the house has become their shrine.

In the past, it had a dome, that is why it is named Alavian's dome. Although by the passage of time, the dome has collapsed. On the other hand the people's interest to Sadat and Imam Ali, and bury of two Alavi in this building was another reason to call it Alavian's dome.

It is the valuable work of art, related to the medieval Islamic period ages 6 and 7 AH. It looks like the red dome of Maragheh which was built in the year 542 AH. Its interior dimension and rich decoration, eye-catching and mysterious, is somewhat similar to the building of Qazvin Heydarieh dome, built in the early 6th AH century.

It was built like a four-sided cube in size 8/12 in 5/12 and a height of 5/11.There are four columns, like towers in four corners of the building, with 5/9m height, 2 meters diameter.

Each of towers has five triangular arches. Over the entrance and inside the rectangular box, there are beautiful decoration including intertwining flowers and plants.

In every corner, there are two arches and arch decorative façade in east-west sides, covered with a beautiful design. The dome's sanctuary located on the south side with beautiful decoration has added to the richness of building.

Few highlights, adjoining the ceiling give a good lightening to the area. The small cellar is the tomb of two elders of Alavian's family. The interior area is formed of six rooms with arches. Cube-shaved graves covered with turquoise bricks are in the center.